Science plays a very significant role in our lives and has changed the course of human civilization to a great extent. From waking up in the morning to going to sleep at night, science affects every moment of our lives. We are largely dependent on science, and it makes our life so much easier.
Introduction of National Science Day
India celebrates National Science Day on February 28th every year, and it celebrated the historical invention of The Raman Effect by the famous Indian scientist Sir Chandrasekhar Venkata Raman on February 28th, 1928. He was awarded a Noble Prize in Physics in 1930 for this remarkable discovery, and he was the only Indian scientist to win this prestigious award.
History of National Science Day
Chandrasekhar Venkat Raman was born on November 7th, in the year of 1888, in Tiruchirappalli, in Tamil Nadu. He took great interest in science from a very young age. He was the inventor of the spectrograph. He, along with his student, K. S. Krishnan, observed that the deflected light changes its frequency and wavelength after travelling through a transparent material. This phenomenon was known as The Raman Effect. He won a Noble Prize in Physics for this invention on February 28th, and he was the first Asian to receive this ward in any branch of science. This is why February 28th is celebrated as National Science Day in India.
In the year 1966, The National Council for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC) had an agreement with the Indian Government that February 28th should be celebrated as National Science Day. Since then, this day has been celebrated all over the country in schools, colleges, universities. And other academic or research or scientific institutions, with great enthusiasm. National Science Day was celebrated for the first time in India on February 28th, 1987.
Significance of National Science Day
The significance of National Science Day is the invention of The Raman Effect by Chandrasekhar Venkat Raman.
The Raman Effect
The Raman Effect is an occurrence in spectroscopy, which was discovered by the Indian scientist Chandrasekhar Venkat Raman in the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science laboratory in Kolkata.
The Raman Effect is basically the change in the wavelength of light when molecules deflect it. When a ray of light passes through a transparent surface, a part of it diverts in another direction other than the direction of the incident. Most of the scattered light's wavelength remains the same, but some of it has a different wavelength from that of the incident ray. This is what is known as the Raman Effect.
National Science Day in India is celebrated to raise awareness about the importance and role of science in the country. Science is the most essential factor in the development of technology, machinery, and the overall advancement of the country. It increases the opportunities for employment and also brings great changes and progress in the medical field. It also increases the economy of the country, and it has almost made India a developed country. Science has also helped improve the country's infrastructure, like the construction of bridges, buildings, roads, etc. It has also helped in the construction of machinery, which brings in the development of industries and enables them to produce more output.
The advancement of technology has facilitated the export of these finished goods to other counties in the world, which helps increase the country's economy. Science has also made communication so much easier. We can communicate any important information to anybody no matter wherever they are living in the world. Science has contributed to the development of the country immensely, in every sector- be it in agriculture, medicine, infrastructure, machinery, education etc.
Every educational institution has the subject of science in their curriculum so that every generation has some knowledge in the subject and contributes to the country's advancement and progress. National Science Day urges every one of us to honour all the scientists and researchers and acknowledge the role of science in our lives and the development of the country. This day displays all the efforts, activities and achievements made by scientists in the field of science and communication to make our lives more convenient and the world a better place to live in.
Ways of Celebration of National Science Day
National Science Day is celebrated is honour all scientists and researchers and spread awareness regarding the importance and role of science in our lives. On this occasion, several public speeches are made on the radio or television. Schools and other institutions arrange science-related movies, science exhibitions, debates, quiz competitions, lectures based on themes and concepts, and other activities.
National Science Day spreads the message of the significance of science in our daily lives. It celebrates the contribution of science in various aspects and how it has benefitted the entire nation. The National Science Popularization Awards is presented by the National Council for Science and Technology Communication to those who have shown remarkable efforts in the field of science.
Science Day Around the World:
UNESCO celebrates World Science Day for Peace and Development every year on November 10th. It aims in keeping all the citizens aware and informed about the developments and progress of science. It emphasizes on how science makes our society more sustainable.
When is National Science Day Celebrated?
National Science Day is celebrated annually on February 28th, in India, to commemorate the winning of the Noble Prize by the eminent Indian physicist Chandrasekhar Raman. It was celebrated for the first time on February 28th, 1987. It will be celebrated on February 28th in 2022.
Theme of National Science Day
The theme for National Science Day for the year 2021 was Future of Science and its impact on skills, education and work. The theme for the year 2022 is not known yet.
Some Interesting Facts about National Science Day and Sir C.V. Raman
- The National Council proposed the idea of National Science Day for Science and Technology Communication (NCSTC), and the Indian Government agreed to celebrate this day every year on February 28th.
- India celebrated its first National Science Day on February 28th, 1987.
- Sir Chandrasekhar Venkat Raman was presented with the highest civilian award- the Bharat Ratna in the year of 1954. '
- The Raman Effect is used in laboratories and helps in finding fingerprints.
- Sir C.V Raman was an exceptionally bright student and had passed his matric examination at only eleven years of age.
- Two years after passing his matric examination, he passed his intermediate level exam and started studying in the Presidency College in 1902.
- Sir Chandrasekhar Raman also took great interest in music as well as musical instruments, and he was the first person to learn the harmony of the tabla and mridangam.
- Sir Chandrasekar Raman was India's first National Professor after the country's independence in 1947.
- He was the first Indian director of the Indian Institute of Science.
Science is probably the biggest gift mankind has received. From the invention of wheels to the invention of artificial intelligence and robots, science and technology have come a long way in the development and progress of mankind. Science has made our lives so much easier, and therefore, we should use the gifts of science efficiently and diligently and make sure not to misuse them.