A farmer plays a significant role in the country's economy. They work tirelessly to give us the best crops so that we can have the best quality food to eat. India is an agricultural country, and its economy and development largely depend on the farmers.
Introduction of Farmer's Day
Farmer's Day is celebrated every year on 23rd December. It marks the birth anniversary of Choudhary Charan Singh, the fifth prime Minister of India. He was the leader of the farmers and had introduced many changes for the welfare of the farmers. Different countries celebrate it on certain days.
Farmers and agriculture are the most important part of the Indian economy. They play a significant role in the socio-economic development of the country. Fifty per cent of India's population is dependent on agriculture and related activities.
History of Farmer's Day
Farmer's Day, or Kisaan Diwas, is celebrated to mark the birthday of Chaudhary Charan Singh. During his short tenure as the Prime Minister of India, he worked for the welfare of the farmers and improving their conditions. He wrote several books regarding the problems faced by the farmers and offered solutions. This is why the government decided to celebrate Farmer's Day, on his birthday since 2001. The slogan of “Jai Jawaan, Jai Kisaan” was popularized. He came up with several schemes through which the farmers can increase their output more efficiently.
In 1939, he introduced the Agricultural Produce Market Bill. Charan Singh became the agricultural minister in 1952 and took measures to abolish the existing zamindari system. He made sure that the farmers were getting equality and good treatment and opportunities. He also played a major role in the development of the cotton and farming sector. A memorial in his honour is made in Delhi, which is known as the Kisan Ghaat. Charan Singh was also known as the leader of the Indian Farmers.
Significance of Farmer's Day
India is basically an agricultural country, and most of its population live in villages, and agriculture is the main source of livelihood. In spite of this, many villagers aren't educated and therefore don't have a proper understanding of cultivation, harvesting or related processes. They are not aware of the constraints that the farmers face. Most people don't have any idea about this significant sector of the nation.
This is why this day stresses educating people on the hardships and struggles of the farmers, and it also aims to improve the farmers' living conditions. The farmers are introduced to the latest advancement in technology in order to increase and improve the quality and quantity of their harvest.
Farmer's Day 2022 Date
When is Farmer's Day 2022?
Farmer's Day for the year 2022 is celebrated/observed on Thursday, December 23.
Farmer's Day dates for the years 2022, 2023, 2024, 2025, and 2026
|When is ...?||Date||Day of the week|
|Farmer's Day 2021||December 23||Thursday|
|Farmer's Day 2022||December 23||Friday|
|Farmer's Day 2023||December 23||Saturday|
|Farmer's Day 2024||December 23||Monday|
|Farmer's Day 2025||December 23||Tuesday|
|Farmer's Day 2026||December 23||Wednesday|
How Is Farmer's Day Celebrated?
Farmer's Day in India is celebrated by organizing programs, debates, quiz competitions, and other activities. Awareness camps are also set up in some places to educate and enlighten the farmers about how they are important and how their contributions affect their country's economy. The farmers are suggested various methods by which they can get better results from their harvest.
Celebrations all over the world:
Pakistan: Farmer's Day in Pakistan is celebrated on 18th December, and it is also known as Kisan Day. It was celebrated for the first time in 2019 in Islamabad. It aims to make the general public aware of the hardships faced by the farmers and how they can use a good variety of fertilizers and advanced technologies to improve their living conditions. This day is highly promoted by the Prime Minister of the country.
South Korea- Famer' Day in South Korea is celebrated on 11th November. It is celebrated along with Pepero Day.
United States of America- Farmer's Day in the United States is celebrated on 12th October annually. It commemorates the work of every farmer throughout American history.
Ways to Celebrate Farmer's Day:
- We can express gratitude and thankfulness to the farmers because they are the ones who support the country's economy, despite all the challenges they face every day.
- We might as well consider buying our groceries from a local farmer and purchase some fresh fruits, vegetables, eggs or other products.
- We might try farming ourselves, making a small kitchen garden, and growing some vegetables there. It would give a slight insight into the immense struggle that the farmers have to go through.
States like Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, which predominantly consists of agriculture and farming, are inspired by Uttar Pradesh and celebrate Farmer's Day with great enthusiasm.
Interesting Facts About Agriculture and Indian Farmers
- Agriculture was originally invented by the Indians. The world's first civilization developed and grew on the basis of agriculture.
- India is the second-largest country based on agriculture in the world.
- India has the largest amount of irrigated land in the world.
- India falls among the top four food-producing countries in the world.
- Seventeen per cent of India's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) consists of agriculture.
- Agriculture is the largest private enterprise in the nation.
- Two hundred and sixty-three million people in India are engaged in agriculture and related processes.
- Livestock and horticulture also play an important role in sustaining the livelihood of the rural population and plays a vital role in the economy of the country.
- India is the largest producer of milk in the world and the second-largest producer of fruits and vegetables.
- Odisha is the fifth largest producer of fish in the world.
- Karnataka produces the largest amount of coffee, and Assam is the largest tea producing state.
In spite of working hard for the welfare of the farmers, there are several constraints faced by the Indian farmers:
- Lack of modern equipment for farming- Most farmers, use old and traditional methods for cultivating, which often results in agricultural difficulties, and decrease the harvest. This is because most of the farmers are not aware or educated about modern machinery or probably lack funds to afford them.
- Lack of proper storage facilities: There is a lack of good storage places in rural areas, which is why pests, rodents and other factors mostly destroy crops. In this situation, the farmers are left with no choice but to see the crops immediately after harvesting. This does not incur a decent income for the farmers.
- Problems in transportation- Most farmers cannot avail good means of transport, resulting in selling their crops in the local markets at a very cheap rate. Most farmers still depend on bullock carts for transporting their crops. This often delays the transportation and some crops tend to get destroyed by the time it reaches the destination.
- High rate of interest- Most farmers lack funds because of the excessively high rate of interest charged on their loans. They are often indebted to cruel money lenders who exploit them. This is why they can never save money for themselves and improve their conditions because most of their savings are used up in paying off the debts.
- Lack of awareness- Most small farmers in remote area are not aware of the various schemes and policies made by the government, which might help them.
Farmer's Day gives us an opportunity to appreciate all the farmers in India, who work tirelessly to provide us good food every day when they are starving themselves. We should take a moment to express our thankfulness and gratitude towards them and try our best to make some difference in their lives.